footnotes

  1. 55% increase for nonviolent offenders: www.prisonpolicy.org/scans/jpi/cc_md.pdf By comparison, since 1985, the U.S. rate of incarceration doubled.
  1. crime rates held constant: 
    http://www.disastercenter.com/crime/mdcrime.htm The annual number of violent crimes, property crimes and murders remained similar in 1985 and 2005, although the population increased by 27%.
  1. $38,000 per inmate per year:
    http://www.vera.org/files/price-of-prisons-maryland-fact-sheet.pdfhttp://www.justicepolicy.org/research/8221 at page 10 of 15

    In addition Maryland At A Glance reports: “According to the Division of Correction, in Fiscal Year 2012, Maryland’s average daily inmate population was 22,930. The average length of stay was approximately 71 months at an annual cost of $35,151.”

    The Department of Legislative Services in 2014 noted: “Currently, the average total cost per inmate, including overhead, is estimated at
    $3,100 per month.” ($37200/year)

  1. 78 per cent of the inmate population:
    According to U.S. Census Bureau statistics, cited in www.prisonpolicy.org/scans/jpi/cc_md.pdf.
  1. reduce these rates to 28% and 23%:
    See comparison of states’ recidivism statistics: http://www.pewtrusts.org/~/media/legacy/uploadedfiles/wwwpewtrustsorg/reports/sentencing_and_corrections/StateRecidivismRevolvingDoorAmericaPrisons20pdf.pdf at pp. 11-13
  1. Justice Reinvestment Funding:
    “Justice Reinvestment Funding” is a corrections budgeting system, promoted by the U.S. Dept. of Justice that involves retention of savings from reduction of overall prison populations to fund reentry programs; these reentry programs more intensively assist remaining inmates to obtain employment and other skills to reduce their recidivism without any increase in the overall corrections budget. See discussion in http://justicereinvestment.org/summit/report. In the long-run, policy analysts predict this funding strategy will reduce prison populations, recidivism, and taxpayer costs. States implementing “Reinvestment Funding” include Pennsylvania, Delaware, Ohio, Texas, North Carolina, and several others.